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Companion Planting
Bedfellows in the Garden

compiled by 'Elliott'sMom'

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Fruits and vegetables are like people, they thrive on companionship.  It is believed that food crops will yield up to twice as much when they are surrounded with companion plants. In this article, we'll list the most commonly grown vegetables and their ideal planting companions, herb companions and pests they repel, plants that attract beneficial insects, plants that repel insects, and a few that trap undesirable insects - luring them away from your food crops.

If you're getting ready to plant your vegetable garden you may want to try placing the various vegetable crops so you can take advantage of their natural friends. If you have already planted your vegetable garden you may want to tuck a few pest-repelling plants in among them, and make more extensive changes in subsequent plantings later this summer.

Companion planting requires some experimentation. What may be successful in one garden may not be successful in another garden. This may be caused by different microclimates, soil types, plant varieties and cropping practices.  With this extensive list, you should be able to find a match made in heaven.  So on with the matchmaking - let the wedding bells ring!

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Vegetable Companion Chart


Plant Friends Enemies
Artichoke Sunflower, Tarragon None
Asparagus Basil, Carrots, Parsley, Tomato Chive, Garlic, Leek, Onion
Basil Pepper, Tomato, Marigold  
Berries (applies to strawberries,  bush berries, grapes) Bush Beans, Lettuce, Onion, Spinach Cabbage
Bush Beans Beets, Cabbage family, Carrots, Celeriac, Celery, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Lettuce, Marigold, Pea, Potato, Radish, Rosemary, Strawberry, Savory, Tansy, Marigold Basil, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Onion
Pole Beans Carrots, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Marigold, Pea, Radish, Rosemary, Savory, Tansy Basil, Beets, Cabbage, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Onion, Sunflower
Beets Bush Beans, Cabbage family, Lettuce, Onion family, Radish, Sage Mustard, Pole Beans
Cabbage Family (includes broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale) Basil, Bush Beans, Beets, Carrot, Celery, Chamomile, Chard, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Hyssop, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Nasturtium, Onion family, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Spinach, Thyme, Tomato, Wormwood Bush and Pole Beans, Grapes, Rue, Strawberry
Carrots Beans, Cabbage family, Chives, Leeks, Lettuce, Onion family, Peas, Peppers, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, Tomato Caraway, Celery, Dill
Celery Bush Beans, Cabbage family, Nasturtium, Onion family, Spinach, Tomato Carrot, Parsley, Parsnip
Corn Beans, Cabbage family, Cucumber, Dill, Melon family, Parsley, Peas, Pumpkin, Squash, Sunflower Tomato
Cucumbers Beans, Cabbage family, Carrot, Corn, Lettuce, Marigold, Nasturtium, Onion family, Peas, Radish, Savory, Sunflower, Tomato Strong Herbs, Potato
Eggplant Beans, Garlic, Marigold, Pea, Pepper, Potato, Spinach, Tarragon, Thyme Fennel
Kohlrabi Beet Pepper
Lettuce Beans, Carrots, Collards, Cucumbers, Onion family, Radish, Strawberries Broccoli, Fava Bean, Grains
Melons Corn, Nasturtium, Radish Potato
Onion (includes Chives, Garlic, Leek) Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage family, Carrot, Cauliflower, Celery, Chamomile, Collard, Cucumber, Dill, Kale, Lettuce, Pepper, Potato, Radish, Rose, Savory, Squash, Strawberry, Tomato Asparagus, Beans, Gladiolus, Peas
Parsley Tomato  
Parsnip   Delphinium, Larkspur
Peas Beans, Carrots, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Radish, Spinach, Tomato, Turnip Onion family, Gladiolus, Potato
Pepper Bean, Carrot, Marigold, Marjoram, Onion family, Tansy, Tomato  
Potato (sweet Potato friends and enemies unknown) Beans, Cabbage family, Corn, Collard, Coriander, Eggplant, Horseradish, Lettuce, Marigold, Onion family, Parsnip, Pea, Petunia Fennel, Kohlrabi, Melon family, Parsnip, Rutabaga, Squash family, Sunflower, Tomato, Turnip
Radish Beans, Cabbage family, Carrot, Chervil, Collard, Cucumber, Grapes, Lettuce, Melon family, Nasturtium, Onion family, Pea, Squash Hyssop
Rutabaga Onion family, Pea Potato
Spinach Cabbage family, Celery, Corn, Eggplant, Pea, Strawberry  
Squash and Pumpkin Corn, Eggplant, Marigold, Nasturtium, Onion family, Radish Potato
Tomato Asparagus, Basil, Bush Bean, Cabbage family, Carrots, Celery, Marigold, Mint, Onion family, Parsley, Pepper Corn, Dill, Fennel, Pole Bean, Potato
Turnip Onion family, Pea Potato

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Herb Companion and Insects Repelled Chart


Herb

Friends/Enemies

Pests Repelled

Angelica Avoid Dill  
Basil Tomatoes
Dislikes Rue
Flies, Mosquitoes
Borage Tomatoes, Squash, Strawberries Tomato Worm
Caraway Plant throughout the garden to loosen the soil.
Avoid Dill
 
Catnip Eggplant Flea Beetle, Ants
Chamomile Cabbage, Onion  
Coriander   Aphids
Chervil Radish  
Chives Carrots  
Dead Nettle Potatoes Potato Bug
Dill Cabbage
Dislikes Carrots and Caraway
 
Fennel Most plants dislike this herb  
Feverfew roses attracts aphids away from roses
Flax Carrots, Potatoes Potato Bug
Garlic Roses, Raspberries Japanese Beetle, Aphids
Horseradish Potatoes Potato Bug
Henbit   General Insect Repellent
Hyssop Cabbage, Grapes
Dislikes Radishes
Cabbage Moth
Lavender   Moths -- combine with southernwood, wormwood and rosemary in an anti-moth sachet
Marigolds Plant throughout the garden Mexican Bean Beetles, Nematodes, others
Mint Cabbage, Tomatoes White Cabbage Moth, aphids, flea beetles
Mole Plant (Castor Bean)   Moles and Mice
Nasturtium Radishes, Cabbage, Cucurbits, fruit trees Aphids, Squash Bugs, Striped Pumpkin Beetle
Pennyroyal Roses Flies, Mosquitoes, Fleas, others
Petunia Beans  
Pot Marigold Tomatoes Tomato Worm, Asparagus Beetles, others
Pyrethrums   Use dried flower heads as a general insect repellent.
Rosemary Cabbage, Beans Carrots, Sage Cabbage Moth, Bean Beetle, Carrot Fly
Rue Roses and Raspberries
Dislikes Sweet Basil
Japanese Beetles
Sage Rosemary, Cabbage, Carrots
Dislikes Cucumbers
Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly, Flea Beetle, Slugs
Southernwood Cabbages Cabbage Moth
Sowthistle Tomatoes, Onion, Corn
Plant in moderation
 
Summer Savory Beans Bean Beetles
Tansy Fruit Trees, Roses, Raspberries Flying Insects, Japanese Beetles, Striped Cucumber Beetles, Squash Bugs, Ants, Flies
Thyme Cabbage Cabbage Worm
Wormwood   Plant as a border to keep animals out of the garden.
Yarrow Plant near aromatic herbs to enhance production of essential oils.  


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Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects


 

Insect Plant that Attracts
Assassin Bugs Alfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod
Big Eyed Bugs Alfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod
Damsel Bugs Alfalfa
Lacewings Carrot
Lady Beetles Alfalfa, Goldenrod, Morning Glory, Yarrow
Parasitic Wasps  Alfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod, White Clover, Yarrow 
Syrphid Flies Buckwheat, Candytuft, Fennel, Morning glory 
Tachinid Flies  Coriander, Fennel, Ivy, White Sweet Clover 
Yellowjacket Wasps  Ivy, White sweet clover, Carrot 

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Plants that Trap Undesirable Insects
(and keep them off your desirable plants)


Insect Trapped Plant
Aphids Nasturtium
Flea Beetles Nasturtium
Radish
Potato Bugs Eggplant

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Plants that Repel Undesirable Insects


Insect  Plant that Repels
Ants Tansy, Onions, Mint family 
Aphids Chives, Garlic, Marigolds, Mint family, Dried and crushed chrysanthemum flowers, Coriander, Onions, Oregano 
Cabbage Moths Rosemary, Sage, Thyme 
Cabbage Worms  Tomatoes, Celery 
Carrot Flies  Leeks, Sage, Rosemary 
Colorado Potato Beetles Green Beans, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Flax 
Cucumber Beetles Nasturtiums, Radishes, Tansy 
Flea Beetles Catnip, Garlic 
Flies Basil, Tansy 
Leafhoppers Dried and crushed chrysanthemum flowers 
Mosquitoes  Basil, Garlic, Geranium (citrosa) 
Onion Flies Garlic
Ticks Garlic
Tomato Worms Borage
Whiteflies Marigold, Oregano 

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